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Discrimination
National Summary
Federal fair employment laws protect employees from discrimination based on age, race, color, sex, national origin, religion, disability, and genetic information. Federal law covers employers of 15 or more employees, except for the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), which covers employers with 20 or more employees. State laws often cover employers with fewer employees and provide protection for groups not covered under federal law. Certain individuals in the workplace, such as independent contractors, are not protected by federal fair employment laws if they are not employees. Employers are liable for discriminatory acts by supervisors—in some cases, strictly liable. There are many preventive measures an employer can take to reduce the probability of being sued for discrimination. Civil rights laws also impose numerous recordkeeping requirements on employers.
California Summary
The California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) prohibits discrimination against applicants, employees, unpaid interns, and volunteers based on race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition (specifically cancer-related conditions and genetic characteristics), genetic information, marital status, sex, gender (including pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, or related medical conditions), gender identity, gender expression, age (40 years and older), sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. It includes discrimination based on a perception that a person is a member of a protected class or is associated with a person who is, or is perceived to be, a member of a protected class.
The state Unruh Civil Rights Act (Unruh Act) prohibits discrimination based on sex (including sexual harassment), race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability (including the use of guide dogs), medical condition, genetic information, marital status, or sexual orientation in business practices or franchising, among other things.

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105113news.aspxDiscriminationNews What Georgia Employers Should Know About Common Day of Rest Act, Title VII 02/11/2019National
105101news.aspxDiscriminationNews Timing Is Everything: Gender Bias Claims Iced by Employer's Records 01/28/2019National
1697training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Meetings Avoiding Discrimination  National
1446state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Avoiding Hiring Discrimination  National
10995analysis.aspxDiscriminationAnalysis Discrimination  National
91774state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Discrimination and Harassment, by State (PDF)  National
100574timesavers.aspxDiscriminationPolicies Discrimination and Retaliation  National
102445timesavers.aspxDiscriminationChecklists Discrimination Prevention Checklist  National
16005training.aspxDiscriminationPowerPoints Diversity for all Employees  National
76891training.aspxDiscriminationAudio Presentations Diversity for All Employees (Audio)  National
16004training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Diversity for all Employees (Exercise 1)  National
16003training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Diversity for all Employees (Exercise 2)  National
15999training.aspxDiscriminationHandouts Diversity for all Employees (Handout)  National
16000training.aspxDiscriminationQuizzes Diversity for all Employees (Quiz)  National
16002training.aspxDiscriminationTrainer's Guides Diversity for all Employees (Trainer's Guide)  National
16001training.aspxDiscriminationSpeaker's Notes Diversity for all Employees - Script View  National
101382training.aspxDiscriminationPowerPoints Diversity for all Employees--Spanish  National
101383training.aspxDiscriminationAudio Presentations Diversity for All Employees--Spanish (Audio)  National
101384training.aspxDiscriminationQuizzes Diversity for all Employees--Spanish (Quiz 1)  National
101385training.aspxDiscriminationQuizzes Diversity for all Employees--Spanish (Quiz 2)  National
101386training.aspxDiscriminationSpeaker's Notes Diversity for all Employees--Spanish (Script View)  National
15674training.aspxDiscriminationPowerPoints Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors  National
15998training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors (Exercise 1)  National
15997training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors (Exercise 2)  National
15673training.aspxDiscriminationQuizzes Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors (Quiz)  National
15672training.aspxDiscriminationSpeaker's Notes Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors (Speaker's Notes)  National
15996training.aspxDiscriminationTrainer's Guides Diversity Fundamentals for Supervisors (Trainer's Guides)  National
102142training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Talks Educating Employees About Their Role in Cybersecurity (Training Talk)  National
75990state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance EEOC Enforcement Guidance: Unlawful Treatment of Workers with Caregiving Responsibilities  National
100779timesavers.aspxDiscriminationPolicies Employee Access to Workplace Facilities  National
100780timesavers.aspxDiscriminationPolicies Employee Access to Workplace Facilities  National
1323state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Employment Discrimination in Construction  National
1322state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Employment Discrimination in Supply and Service  National
92556timesavers.aspxDiscriminationPolicies English Proficiency Policy (Standard)  National
16142timesavers.aspxDiscriminationPolicies Equal Employment Opportunity  National
1333state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Facts About Religious Discrimination  National
91782state_comparison_charts.aspxDiscriminationGuidance Fair Employment Laws, by State (PDF)  National
78897training.aspxDiscriminationPowerPoints Generational Diversity  National
78902training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Generational Diversity (Exercise 1)  National
78903training.aspxDiscriminationTraining Exercises Generational Diversity (Exercise 2)  National
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