The Fair Labor Standards Act does
not require rest or meal periods, except as amended under the Affordable Care Act for nursing mothers, but it does set
standards for when work breaks, including meal periods, rest periods,
and sleeping time, must be counted as paid work time. The laws of
some states do require that paid and/or unpaid rest and meal periods
must be provided.
Federal wage hour law does not mandate that employees
be given either paid or unpaid rest or meal periods. Whether breaks
are required is left up to the states. California has detailed rules
governing both rest and meal periods.