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Vacations
National Summary
There is no federal law that entitles private sector employees to paid or unpaid vacation; nonetheless, most employers do give employees time off for vacation, and employees generally consider this to be one of their most important benefits.
Though there is no federal vacation law, there is a steadily growing body of state law—an amalgam of statutes and court decisions—that controls how employers administer vacation time, including whether and how much employees must be paid at termination for accrued but unused vacation.
Employers must know the laws in their state(s) of operation in order to develop a comprehensive, compliant policy covering eligibility, accrual, carryover, forfeiture, administration, pay upon termination, and integration of vacation policy with other state laws—and to ensure strict compliance and consistency of administration.
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TopicTypeTitleDateState
101829news.aspxVacationsNews Permanent Vacation: ‘Use It or Lose It’ Policies and Payout of Vacation at Termination 05/17/2017National
101827news.aspxVacationsNews Vacation Rules! (All Work and No Play Makes Workers Leave Your Employ) 05/16/2017National
87618faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers Does BLR have information about vacation time and holidays that employers typically provide? 05/16/2011National
85572faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers (1) How do you account for holidays when employees work a compressed workweek? (2) What should we consider when converting from a vacation/sick policy to PTO? 02/18/2011National
84376faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers One of our employees passed away. We pay out unused PTO at termination. The deceased employee's mother says she should get the PTO payout. Is that correct? 01/03/2011National
83102faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers Does California have any regulations that either allow, prohibit or limit vacation buying? 08/12/2010National
82596faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers Can we change our PTO policy but apply it to new employees only (i.e., grandfather current employees)? 06/24/2010National
82186faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers A Nevada employee went from Full-time to Part-time with a decrease in pay. Our policy states that vacation time will be paid out at the rate the employee is earning at the time it is taken. This employee is now leaving the organization and did not 04/28/2010National
82054faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers How do we handle large vacation balances that some employees have when we convert to a PTO plan? 04/13/2010National
81462faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers In Ohio and Tennessee - Our vacation policy allows for earning vacation during a year and becoming eligible to take that vacation after a year, usually on the employee's anniversary date. If an employee leaves after 6 months, do we have to pay accru 12/29/2009National
81345faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers Can a company buy back unused PTO at a 50% rate when the PTO exceeds the "use it or use it" threshold? 12/14/2009National
80832faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers How are commission-only sales staff treated for vacation, sick days, holidays, etc.? 09/22/2009National
80691faqs.aspxVacationsQuestions & Answers We have one employee who telecommutes from her home. Her manager says she is not entitled to any paid time as she "gets to work from home." Our interpretation is that she should be treated as any other employee. We do not have a written agreement a 09/10/2009National
94485surveys.aspxVacationsSurveys 2013 Holiday Practices Survey Data  National
94484surveys.aspxVacationsSurveys 2013 Holiday Practices Survey Summary  National
96309training.aspxVacationsHandouts Managing Your Vacations (Handout)  National
96310training.aspxVacationsQuizzes Managing Your Vacations (Quiz)  National
96308training.aspxVacationsTraining Talks Managing Your Vacations (Training Talk)  National
2742timesavers.aspxVacationsLetters Notification of Vacation During Shutdown  National
91357state_comparison_charts.aspxVacationsGuidance Payout of Vacation/Sick Pay (PDF)  National
15877timesavers.aspxVacationsPolicies Vacation (Progressive)  National
15876timesavers.aspxVacationsPolicies Vacation (Standard)  National
15873timesavers.aspxVacationsPolicies Vacation (Strict I)  National
15874timesavers.aspxVacationsPolicies Vacation (Strict II)  National
2378state_comparison_charts.aspxVacationsGuidance Vacation Buying and Selling  National
11098analysis.aspxVacationsAnalysis Vacations  National
18335timesavers.aspxVacationsChecklists Vacations and Holidays Checklist  National
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