Men who believe in traditional roles for women earn more than men who have more egalitarian beliefs, according to a study published in the Journal of Applied Psychology.
For the study, the researchers analyzed data from a study of men and women who were interviewed four times between 1979 and 2005. In those interviews, participants were asked about their views on gender roles in the workforce and at home.
The researchers looked specifically at views on gender roles as a predictor of an individual's earnings, controlling for job complexity, number of hours worked, and education.
The researchers found that men with relatively traditional attitudes on gender roles made an average of about $11,930 more per year than men who had relatively egalitarian views.
On the other hand, women who held more traditional views about gender roles made an average of $1,500 less annually than the women with more egalitarian views.
The researchers found that the wage gap between men and women narrows as views become more egalitarian.
"These results show that changes in gender role attitudes have substantial effects on pay equity," says the study's co-author Timothy Judge from the University of Florida. "When workers' attitudes become more traditional, women's earnings relative to men suffer greatly. When attitudes become more egalitarian, the pay gap nearly disappears."
The study appears in the September issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology.
Source: Journal of Applied Psychology