HR and Employment Law Federal and 50 State Comparison Charts

Our state comparison charts are gleaned from BLR’s publication, 50 Employment Laws in 50 States. This publication is a compilation of brief summaries of state laws on the most important areas of employment law.

Each of the 50 areas begins with a question about a specific aspect of employment law — for example, state requirements that exceed federal law, wage and hour requirements, or areas where states typically differ widely from each other. The “answers” are presented state by state. To view the materials in chart format, download the PDF version.

The “answers” were provided by members of the Employers Counsel Network (ECN), an HR Hero®-sponsored organization linking top employment law practitioners at leading firms in each of the 50 states and Canada. HR Hero® is a division of BLR® and also publishes a monthly state-specific Employment Law Letter that is written and edited by the ECN member law firms in each state. For more information on the ECN, see

These charts cover state specific laws. For local ordinances, please visit the topic analysis page on these specific topics.

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91069state_comparison_charts.aspxAffirmative Action Affirmative Action, by State 02/03/2015
9335state_comparison_charts.aspxBackground Checks Arrest & Conviction Records, by State 08/18/2015
91070state_comparison_charts.aspxBackground Checks Background Checks, by State 03/09/2015
91071state_comparison_charts.aspxDomestic Partner Benefits Benefits for Unmarried Partners, by State 03/09/2015
2266state_comparison_charts.aspxRest Periods Breaks/Meal Periods, by State 04/14/2015
15121state_comparison_charts.aspxMotor Vehicles Cell Phone Use/Distracted Driving, by State 06/02/2015
2281state_comparison_charts.aspxChild Labor Child Labor Laws, by State 03/09/2015
78168state_comparison_charts.aspxBackground Checks Consumer Credit Reports and Driving Records, by State 08/18/2015
2282state_comparison_charts.aspxDeductions from Pay Deductions from Pay/Garnishment, by State 08/18/2015
91072state_comparison_charts.aspxPaychecks Direct Deposit, by State 10/02/2015
10269state_comparison_charts.aspxDisability Insurance Disability Insurance, by State 02/05/2015
91073state_comparison_charts.aspxCivil Rights Discrimination and Harassment, by State 10/02/2015
2290state_comparison_charts.aspxAlcohol and Drugs Drug and Alcohol Testing, by State 08/18/2015
91074state_comparison_charts.aspxRecords Employee Records: Access, by State 02/12/2015
1982state_comparison_charts.aspxRecords Employee Records: Retention, by State 11/18/2015
78167state_comparison_charts.aspxSexual Harassment Employee Training, by State 02/12/2015
2287state_comparison_charts.aspxEmployment Contracts Employment at Will, by State 02/13/2015
81341state_comparison_charts.aspxCivil Rights Fair Employment Laws, by State 02/13/2015
2998state_comparison_charts.aspxLeave of Absence (FMLA) Family and Medical Leave, by State 06/02/2015
91075state_comparison_charts.aspxPaychecks Final Paycheck, by State 09/11/2015
2262state_comparison_charts.aspxLife Insurance Group Life Insurance, by State 02/04/2015
2291state_comparison_charts.aspxHealthcare Insurance Health Insurance Continuation: Coverage of Practitioners, by State 02/05/2015
79241state_comparison_charts.aspxHealthcare Insurance Health Insurance Continuation: Mandated Coverage, by State 02/04/2015
79240state_comparison_charts.aspxHealth Insurance Continuation (COBRA) Health Insurance Continuation: Requirements, by State 02/13/2015
91076state_comparison_charts.aspxPrivacy Identity Theft, by State 07/10/2015
91450state_comparison_charts.aspxAliens and Immigration Immigration, by State 02/16/2015
91338state_comparison_charts.aspxIndependent Contractors Independent Contractors/Employee Classification, by State 02/05/2015
15153state_comparison_charts.aspxJury Duty/ Court Appearance Jury Duty/ Witness Service Leave, by State 02/16/2015
2288state_comparison_charts.aspxNLRA Labor Organizing, by State 02/16/2015
10262state_comparison_charts.aspxAIDS and Disease Medical and Genetic Testing and Discrimination, by State 02/17/2015
91469state_comparison_charts.aspxAlcohol and Drugs Medical Marijuana, by State 02/06/2015
75011state_comparison_charts.aspxMaternity and Pregnancy Medical Maternity: Discrimination, Leave, and Benefits, by State 04/14/2015
75010state_comparison_charts.aspxMilitary Service (USERRA) Military Leave, by State 09/29/2015
1902state_comparison_charts.aspxMinimum Wage Minimum Wage, by State 07/06/2015
10272state_comparison_charts.aspxHiring New-Hire Reporting, by State 02/17/2015
91124state_comparison_charts.aspxEmployment Contracts Noncompete Agreements, by State 10/02/2015
15136state_comparison_charts.aspxOSHA Occupational Safety and Health, by State 02/18/2015
91438state_comparison_charts.aspxPrivacy Off-Duty Conduct, by State 02/18/2015
10276state_comparison_charts.aspxOSHA OSHA Regional Offices 02/28/2013
1261state_comparison_charts.aspxOvertime Overtime, by State 02/06/2015
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