There are many legitimate reasons for employers to give preemployment
physical exams to applicants and periodic exams to current employees--for
example, preemployment drug testing or exams to ensure that a job candidate
is physically capable of performing the required tasks of a particular job.
Employers must comply with state and federal laws, such as the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA), which restrict the timing and scope
of certain medical exams. The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) also
requires employers to comply with its regulations when medical information
is required to verify the need for a leave of absence. Laws such as the Genetic
Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) also affect an employer's
request for medical information.
Summary for [Your State]