Federal fair employment laws, including Title
VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), prohibit
employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex. The law
prohibits sex-based discrimination in hiring, advancement, or any
other terms or conditions of employment. Sex discrimination includes
discrimination based on maternity and pregnancy; and sexual harassment
is considered a form of sex discrimination. The EEOC has ruled that
discrimination based on gender identity is also sex discrimination.
Title VII covers all public employers and private employers with 15
or more employees. Employers can avoid sex discrimination claims by
becoming aware of the risks, developing strong policies against discrimination,
training employees, and responding in a timely and effective manner
when complaints are made.
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