The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits disability discrimination. In the workplace, employers
cannot discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability.
Reasonable accommodation by employers is required absent undue hardship.
The ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA) and its
regulations significantly broadened the definition of disability,
shifting the focus away from whether an individual has a disability
and toward whether discrimination occurred.
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act
(GINA) prohibits genetic information discrimination against
employees or job applicants.
Some states, such as California and Massachusetts have
broader disability discrimination laws. Many states, including Texas, have laws that mirror the amended
ADA. Most states have laws prohibiting disability discrimination
and genetic information discrimination in the workplace.