April 20, 2011
Checklist of Physical Requirements for Job Descriptions
Following is a checklist of physical requirements that should help a job description preparer to determine accurately any special physical demands of the job.
- Sitting (a typical requirement for the job of assembler) -- Is the employee required to sit for extended periods of time without being able to leave the work area?
- Standing (typical for supermarket cashier) -- Is the employee required to remain on his or her feet in an upright position for continuous periods of time without being able to leave the work area?
- Climbing (typical for millwright) -- Is the employee required to climb ladders or scaffolding? To climb and work in overhead areas, as when repairing warehouse ventilator fans?
- Walking (typical for messenger) -- Is the employee required to walk considerable distances in the facility during the course of his or her work? (Excludes walking to and from work area, cafeteria, etc.)
- Lifting (typical for construction laborer) -- Is the employee required to raise or lower objects from one level to another regularly during the shift?
- Pulling and/or Pushing (typical for material handler) -- Does the job require exerting force up to a certain number of pounds on a regular basis so that the object is moved to or away from the employee?
- Carrying (typical for a nurse or a material handler) -- Is the employee required, on a regular basis, to carry objects in his or her arms or on the shoulder(s)?
- Grasping (typical for an assembler) -- Does the job require that the employee regularly pick up objects with fingers?
- Reaching (typical for a stock picker in a warehouse or store) -- Is the employee regularly required to use the hands and arms to reach for objects?
- Stooping and Crouching (typical for a motor vehicle mechanic) -- Is the employee regularly required to bend forward by bending at the waist or by bending legs and spine?
- Crawling (typical for mechanics, welders, those working in confined spaces) -- Is the employee required to work in a confined space? To crawl and move about on his or her hands and knees?
- Color Determination (typical for a printing press operator) -- Does the job require color determination vision (no color blindness)?
- Near Acuity (typical for electrical assemblers) -- Does the job require clarity of vision at 20 feet or more, with or without corrective lenses?
- Speaking (typical for a salesperson) -- Does the job require expressing ideas by the spoken word?
- Listening (typical for a customer service representative) -- Does the job require the perception of speech or the nature of sounds in the air?
- Tasting or Smelling (typical for a fragrance tester or food sample tester) -- Does the job require the ability to distinguish differences in quality of flavors and/or odors, using tongue and/or nose?
The above information comes from BLR's SmartJobs, which includes 700 job description samples, arranged by type of job. Learn more aboutSmartJobs